Published:  December 11, 2018

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers with insight on four of HDIAC’s eight focus areas, including Alternative Energy, Critical Infrastructure Protection, Homeland Defense & Security, and Medical. The first Alternative Energy article explores thin-film perovskite solar cells as a means to power submerged unmanned underwater vehicles. In the second Alternative Energy article, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and the Missouri University of Science and Technology discuss their work with 3D-printed lattice batteries and how this new lightweight energy storage option could be used to power the warfighter. The Critical Infrastructure Protection article focuses on cognitive protective systems for the internet of things. The Homeland Defense & Security article reviews space situational awareness advancements for national security. In the first Medical article, subject matter experts from Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore) address a novel methodology for securing genomic data. The second Medical article explores electronic stickers used for wireless physiological monitoring in a tactical environment. The third Medical article looks at reviving dormant nerves after spinal cord injuries. The fourth and final Medical article, which is featured on the cover, discusses optical coherence tomography as a means of preserving warfighter hearing.

In This Issue

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Thin-Film Perovskite Solar Cells for Powering Submerged Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

Unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) have been used in marine exploration for several decades, prompting the development of improved control, sensing, and automation systems [1]. These advances, in turn, have opened up the possibility of much…

Preserving Warfighter Hearing: Optical Coherence Tomography Leads to Novel and Improved Therapies

The exposure of military personnel to blast trauma—such as that from improvised explosive devices—can lead to ear injury and hearing deficits like sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and tinnitus [1]. A study conducted in 2003 found…

Electronic Stickers for Wireless Physiological Monitoring in a Tactical Environment

Wireless physiological sensing in tactical environments has the potential to greatly enhance health outcomes in combat casualty care. Not only does it provide actionable data for field care; it can also supply personal health metrics…

Advancing Space Situational Awareness for National Security

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) is the predictive knowledge and characterization of natural and/or synthetic resident space objects (RSOs) and the broader operational environment upon which space operations depend [1]. Space surveillance systems contribute to SSA…

Reviving Dormant Nerves after Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) occur frequently in combat. One study, completed in 2015, indicated that the incidence of combat spinal trauma during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan may range from 7.4 percent to 12…

Modeling and Simulation for Genomic Security

In 2011, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released a major report titled, Toward Precision Medicine: Building a Knowledge Network for Biomedical Research and a New Taxonomy of Disease [1]. Looking to develop…

Cognitive Protection Systems for the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a family of technologies enabling connectivity, sensing, inference, and action [1, 2] that is expected to comprise 30 billion devices by 2020 [3]. IoT’s meteoric growth presents opportunities for…

3D-Printed Lattice Batteries: Ultralight Energy Storage for Powering the Warfighter

Lightweight batteries are highly consequential to a wide range of Department of Defense (DoD) applications, including the use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS), wearable devices, and light combat vehicles. Additionally, the use of increasingly sophisticated…