Published:  September 11, 2018

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers with insight on six of HDIAC’s eight focus areas. First, the Biometrics article—illustrated on the Journal’s cover—presents a novel way of defending against biometric mimicry or “spoofing” in identity verification. Next, the CBRN Defense article details the U.S. Army’s testing of a biologically-based sensor used to detect chemicals in drinking water. The Critical Infrastructure Protection article focuses on a biosensor capable of detecting hydrocarbon leaks from pipelines. The Homeland Defense & Security article surveys technologies capable of non-invasively detecting infectious disease at ports of entry. The first Medical article discusses a biocompatible and portable surgical sealant (MeTro) and its potential for battlefield use. The second Medical article focuses on the use of sweat in monitoring warfighter health. Finally, the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) article is the third of a three-part series on emerging technologies that can be used in WMDs and focuses on 3D printing.

In This Issue

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Technologies for the Rapid and Non-invasive Detection of Infectious Disease at U.S. Ports of Entry

The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa captured the nation’s attention, highlighting the need for improved biosurveillance at the border and identifying a capability gap in the United States’ homeland defense and security architecture. In…

The Future of Destruction: 3D Printing

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is rapidly being adopted by many sectors, including the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), given its ability to reduce waste, cost, and time related to traditional subtractive manufacturing processes [1]. However, the…

Defending Against Biometric Mimicry: Real-time CAPTCHA-based Facial and Voice Recognition

The appeal of automatic facial and voice recognition is growing as such methods become more accurate and widely available. On the civilian side, Alipay and MasterCard deploy facial-based authentication in order to validate customer access…

Microbial Biosensors for the Early Detection and Prevention of Hydrocarbon Pipeline Releases

Oil and natural gas transportation through pipelines—both onshore and offshore—is considered a safer alternative on a ton-mile basis to hauling fuel by tanker trucks, freight trains, or marine carriers [1]. Even so, the transportation of…

Detecting Chemicals in Drinking Water: Field Testing Biologically-based Toxicity Sensors

Military personnel deployed around the world require high-quality drinking water, and specific procedures are in place to ensure that military field water supplies are properly treated and monitored [1]. Chemical contaminants pose potential threats to…

Biocompatible and Portable Surgical Sealant: Tactical Combat Casualty Care

Major medical and technical advances in combat casualty care have significantly improved the military’s ability to safely and effectively move wounded warfighters from tactical field care to in-hospital care. Studies have shown that wound infection,…