Published:  April 11, 2018

This issue of the HDIAC Journal provides readers insight on seven of HDIAC’s eight focus areas. First, the Alternative Energy article discusses a gasification system that can be used on military installations. Next, the Biometrics article looks at the use of “super-recognizers” in security contexts. The Homeland Defense and Security article focuses on a novel “nose” used to detect advanced threats. The CBRN Defense article discusses flexible, wireless sensors. The Critical Infrastructure Protection article focuses on agroterrorism and mitigation strategies. The first Medical article centers on bio-fidelity for skin burns. The second Medical article discusses shape memory alloys in exoskeletons. Finally, the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) article is the first of a three-part series on emerging technologies that can be used in WMDs.

In This Issue

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Shape Memory Alloy as an Artificial Actuator for Exoskeletons

Whether for injury rehabilitation or performance enhancement, the ultimate goal of exoskeleton research and development is to produce a wearable, human-like robot capable of detecting and enhancing the intended movement of the user. During rehabilitation,…

Improved Bio-fidelity for Skin Burn Injury Models

Historically, burns have accounted for 5 to 20 percent of combat injuries, with 4 percent of burn victims succumbing to their injuries. According to the United States Army Institute for Surgical Research Burn Center, participation…

FastOx Gasification

The Department of Defense (DoD) has charged the service branches with the mission of improving their use of energy and reducing energy-related emissions or byproducts on military bases [1]. Relatedly, the production of municipal solid…

Defending Against Agroterrorism: Modeling Pathogen Dispersion Pathway

It is widely recognized that American farmers and ranchers make a major contribution to the U.S. economy by providing a safe and reliable food supply, which promotes energy security, job growth, and economic development. The…

Inkjet-Printed Flexible Wireless Sensors

Chemical warfare agents (CWAs) remain a major concern worldwide. This is especially true for nerve agents, which have played a dominant role among CWAs since World War II. There is evidence to suggest that the…

The Future of Destruction: Synthetic Biology

As technology develops and allows for more sophisticated bioweapons and delivery systems to be created, the Department of Defense (DoD) must maintain the capacity to anticipate these new potential threats and develop methods to counter…

Face Recognition: Security Contexts, Super-Recognizers, and Sophisticated Fraud

Unfamiliar face recognition, the visual identification of a person with whom you are unfamiliar, is commonly utilized in security settings. However, our continued reliance on unfamiliar face recognition for identity verification is not supported by…

A Biomimetic Nose for Advanced Threat Detection

Current sensors capable of detecting chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear agents are limited by range, volume, and environment. Due to these limitations, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) are developing a biomimetic…