Published:  April 11, 2019

This issue of the HDIAC Journal covers five of HDIAC’s eight focus areas, including Biometrics, CBRN Defense, Cultural Studies, Homeland Defense & Security, and Medical. The Biometrics article focuses on a new security framework that combines biometrics and configurability with physically unclonable functions and hardware obfuscation. In the first CBRN Defense article, HDIAC Subject Matter Experts explore potential emerging treatment strategies for warfighters exposed to nerve agents. In the second CBRN Defense article, researchers from Northwestern University discuss semiconductor perovskites capable of detecting nuclear radiation. The Cultural Studies article, which is our cover article, presents research findings from a three-year study into how people from different cultures responded to virtual robot peacekeepers – examining their compliance rate and level of trust toward the robots. In the Homeland Defense & Security article, Texas Tech University researchers explore the use of short-range radars for sensing and localization. The first Medical article focuses on arboviruses and mitigation efforts to combat them. Finally, the second Medical article details the biological effects of a ketogenic diet and presents the potential benefits such a diet could provide to the warfighter.

In This Issue

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Smart, Portable, Short-Range Radars for Human-Aware Sensing & Localization

Smart, portable, short-range (under 20 meters) radars in the microwave band have been investigated for use in human and animal vital sign detection over recent decades. Promising applications of this technology that have attracted the…

Next-Generation Semiconductors Pervoskites for Detecting Nuclear Radiation from X- and Gamma-ray Sources

  Sensing radiation of charged particles X- and γ-rays from radioactive isotopes or nuclear reactions plays a key role in the applications of industrial and medical imaging, as well as homeland security [1-3]. As nuclear…

Multivalent, Virus-like Particle Vaccine and Reporter Virus Assay for Arboviruses

Arthropod-borne viruses, known as arboviruses, pose an immense healthcare burden in developing and undeveloped countries in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world [1]. These diseases are mostly transmitted via mosquito bites, but ticks,…

Ketogenic Diet – Potential Benefits to Warfighter Health and Performance

Much of the dietary information provided to our military personnel is modeled after outdated recommendations that emphasize processed carbohydrates and sugary sports drinks [1]. Unlike fat and protein, there is no obligate need for carbohydrate…

Robot Peacekeepers: An Investigation of Cross-Cultural Trust

The evolution of robotic systems has led to their employment for varied applications. Initial task domains included industrial fabrication, equipment assembly, and manual device control. A common theme driving the design and use of robots…

Next-Generation Nerve Agent Antidotes

Nerve agents are toxic organophosphates that disrupt chemical signaling throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. The structures of several common nerve agents are shown in Figure 1. These compounds have been used sparingly throughout…

Leave Adversaries in the Dark – BLOcKeR: Secure and Reliable Biometric Access Control

Biometric technologies offer major advantages over conventional, legacy identification and authentication methods. In particular, they are more secure, accurate, reliable, and user-friendly. In fact, to provide proof of identification or authenticate devices, users have seamless…